Since Brexit happened and everything has been firmed up, UK nationals who live in Germany require a residence permit. That process is surprisingly straightforward: studying in Germany is possible and requires a student visa. The same applies to vocational training. If you want to set up a business, either self-employed or incorporate a business, you can also apply for a permit. Researchers at universities are also welcome with an offer from a university. If you would like to work in Germany and have done vocational training or have a university degree, you are good to go after applying for a job seekers visa. Head over to Germany and find a job that allows you to apply for a residence permit that is employer binding. With a job offer in your pocket, you can apply for a permit straightway. However, obtaining a residence permit in Germany is nearly impossible without vocational training or a university degree. UK degrees now need to be officially recognised in Germany. Health insurance is required, which you get once you work or study. Speaking German to level B1 is a requirement for some permits. It goes without saying: you ought to speak German in Germany! Check out this comprehensive website for further info: https://www.make-it-in-germany.com/en/
Should you travel to Germany for business or a visit, you won’t need a visa.